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factbook:GDP_compositionbysector_agriculture 7.3E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:GDP_compositionbysector_industry 51.3E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:GDP_compositionbysector_services 41.4E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:GDP_officialexchangerate 34830000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:GDP_percapita_PPP 12700 (xsd:long)
factbook:GDP_purchasingpowerparity 74970000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:GDP_realgrowthrate 8.1E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:HIVorAIDS_adultprevalencerate 0.3E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:HIVorAIDS_peoplelivingwithHIVorAIDS 10000 (xsd:long)
factbook:administrativedivisions 25 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah); Ajdabiya, Al Aziziyah, Al Fatih, Al Jabal al Akhdar, Al Jufrah, Al Khums, Al Kufrah, An Nuqat al Khams, Ash Shati, Awbari, Az Zawiyah, Banghazi, Darnah, Ghadamis, Gharyan, Misratah, Murzuq, Sabha, Sawfajjin, Surt, Tarabulus, Tarhunah, Tubruq, Yafran, Zlitan; note - the 25 municipalities may have been replaced by 13 regions
factbook:agestructure_0_14years_female 985606 (xsd:long)
factbook:agestructure_0_14years_male 1029096 (xsd:long)
factbook:agestructure_0_14years_percentage 33.4E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:agestructure_15_64years_female 1827429 (xsd:long)
factbook:agestructure_15_64years_male 1940287 (xsd:long)
factbook:agestructure_15_64years_percentage 62.4E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:agestructure_65yearsandover_female 129604 (xsd:long)
factbook:agestructure_65yearsandover_male 124892 (xsd:long)
factbook:agestructure_65yearsandover_percentage 4.2E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:airports_total 141 (xsd:long)
factbook:airports_withpavedrunways_total 60
factbook:airports_withunpavedrunways_total 81
factbook:area_comparative slightly larger than Alaska
factbook:area_land 1759540
factbook:area_total 1759540
factbook:area_water 0
factbook:background The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks from the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his own political system, the Third Universal Theory. The system is a combination of socialism and Islam derived in part from tribal practices and is supposed to be implemented by the Libyan people themselves in a unique form of "direct democracy." QADHAFI has always seen himself as a revolutionary and visionary leader. He used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. In addition, beginning in 1973, he engaged in military operations in northern Chads Aozou Strip - to gain access to minerals and to use as a base of influence in Chadian politics - but was forced to retreat in 1987. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically following the downing of Pan AM Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. Libyan support for terrorism appeared to have decreased after the imposition of sanctions. During the 1990s, QADHAFI also began to rebuild his relationships with Europe. UN sanctions were suspended in April 1999 and finally lifted in September 2003 after Libya resolved the Lockerbie case. In December 2003, Libya announced that it had agreed to reveal and end its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction, and QADHAFI has made significant strides in normalizing relations with western nations since then. He has received various Western European leaders as well as many working-level and commercial delegations, and made his first trip to Western Europe in 15 years when he traveled to Brussels in April 2004. QADHAFI also resolved in 2004 some of the outstanding cases against his government for terrorist activities in the 1980s by compensating some families of victims of the Pan Am 103, French airliner UTA, and La Belle disco bombings. The US resumed full diplomatic relations with Libya in May 2006 and rescinded Libyas designation as a state sponsor of terrorism in June.
factbook:birthrate 26.09E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:budget_expenditures $19300000000; including capital expenditures of $19300000000
factbook:budget_revenues 33340000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:capital_geographiccoordinates 32 54 N, 13 11 E
factbook:capital_name Tripoli
factbook:capital_timedifference UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
factbook:climate Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior
factbook:coastline_total 1770 (xsd:long)
factbook:constitution none; note - following the September 1969 military overthrow of the Libyan government, the Revolutionary Command Council replaced the existing constitution with the Constitutional Proclamation in December 1969; in March 1977, Libya adopted the Declaration of the Establishment of the Peoples Authority
factbook:countryname_conventionallongform Great Socialist Peoples Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
factbook:countryname_conventionalshortform Libya
factbook:countryname_locallongform Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah al Uzma
factbook:countryname_localshortform none
factbook:currency_code Libyan dinar (LYD)
factbook:currencycode LYD
factbook:currentaccountbalance 14500000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:deathrate 3.47E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:debt_external 4492000000
foaf:depiction
factbook:disputes_international Libya has claimed more than 32000 sq km in southeastern Algeria and about 25000 sq km in the Tommo region of Niger in a currently dormant dispute; various Chadian rebels from the Aozou region reside in southern Libya
factbook:economicaid_recipient 18000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:economy_overview The Libyan economy depends primarily upon revenues from the oil sector, which contribute about 95% of export earnings, about one-quarter of GDP, and 60% of public sector wages. Substantial revenues from the energy sector coupled with a small population give Libya one of the highest per capita GDPs in Africa, but little of this income flows down to the lower orders of society. Libyan officials in the past four years have made progress on economic reforms as part of a broader campaign to reintegrate the country into the international fold. This effort picked up steam after UN sanctions were lifted in September 2003 and as Libya announced in December 2003 that it would abandon programs to build weapons of mass destruction. Almost all US unilateral sanctions against Libya were removed in April 2004, helping Libya attract more foreign direct investment, mostly in the energy sector. Libyan oil and gas licensing rounds continue to draw high international interest; the National Oil Company set a goal of nearly doubling oil production to 3000000000 bbl/day by 2010. Libya faces a long road ahead in liberalizing the socialist-oriented economy, but initial steps - including applying for WTO membership, reducing some subsidies, and announcing plans for privatization - are laying the groundwork for a transition to a more market-based economy. The non-oil manufacturing and construction sectors, which account for more than 20% of GDP, have expanded from processing mostly agricultural products to include the production of petrochemicals, iron, steel, and aluminum. Climatic conditions and poor soils severely limit agricultural output, and Libya imports about 75% of its food. Libyas primary agricultural water source remains the Great Manmade River Project, but significant resources are being invested in desalinization research to meet growing water demands.
factbook:electricity_consumption 18080000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:electricity_exports 0 (xsd:long)
factbook:electricity_imports 0 (xsd:long)
factbook:electricity_production 19440000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:electricity_productionbysource_fossilfuel 100.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:electricity_productionbysource_hydro 0 (xsd:long)
factbook:electricity_productionbysource_nuclear 0.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:electricity_productionbysource_other 0.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:elevationextremes_highestpoint 2267 (xsd:long)
factbook:elevationextremes_highestpoint_place Bikku Bitti
factbook:elevationextremes_lowestpoint -47 (xsd:long)
factbook:elevationextremes_lowestpoint_place Sabkhat Ghuzayyil
factbook:environment_currentissues desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities
factbook:executivebranch_cabinet General Peoples Committee established by the General Peoples Congress
factbook:executivebranch_chiefofstate Revolutionary Leader Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI (since 1 September 1969); note - holds no official title, but is de facto chief of state
factbook:executivebranch_elections national elections are indirect through a hierarchy of peoples committees; head of government elected by the General Peoples Congress; election last held March 2006 (next to be held NA)
factbook:executivebranch_headofgovernment Secretary of the General Peoples Committee (Prime Minister) al-Baghdadi Ali al-MAHMUDI (since 5 March 2006)
factbook:exports 37020000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:factbookcode ly
factbook:fiscalyear calendar year
factbook:flag <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/flags/ly-flag.gif>
factbook:flagdescription plain green; green is the traditional color of Islam (the state religion)
factbook:geographiccoordinates_latitude 25.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:geographiccoordinates_longitude 17.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:governmenttype Jamahiriya (a state of the masses) in theory, governed by the populace through local councils; in practice, an authoritarian state
factbook:heliports 2 (xsd:long)
factbook:imports 14470000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:independence 24 December 1951 (from UN trusteeship)
factbook:infantmortalityrate_female 20.47E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:infantmortalityrate_male 25.07E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:infantmortalityrate_total 22.82E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:inflationrate_consumerprices 3.1E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:internetServiceProviders_ISPs 1 (xsd:long)
factbook:internetcountrycode .ly
factbook:internethosts 31
factbook:internetusers 205000
factbook:investment_grossfixed 7.4% of GDP
factbook:irrigatedland_total 4700
factbook:judicialbranch Supreme Court
rdfs:label Libya
factbook:laborforce 1787000 (xsd:long)
factbook:laborforce_byoccupation_agriculture 17.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:laborforce_byoccupation_industry 23.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:laborforce_byoccupation_services 59.0E0 (xsd:double)
is factbook:landboundary of db:Algeria
is factbook:landboundary of db:Chad
is factbook:landboundary of db:Egypt
is factbook:landboundary of db:Niger
is factbook:landboundary of db:Sudan
is factbook:landboundary of db:Tunisia
factbook:landboundary db:Algeria
factbook:landboundary db:Chad
factbook:landboundary db:Egypt
factbook:landboundary db:Niger
factbook:landboundary db:Sudan
factbook:landboundary db:Tunisia
factbook:landuse_arableland 1.03E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:landuse_other 98.78E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:landuse_permanentcrops 0.19E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:large_flag <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/flags/ly-lgflag.gif>
factbook:legalsystem based on Italian civil law system and Islamic law; separate religious courts; no constitutional provision for judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
factbook:legislativebranch unicameral General Peoples Congress (approximately 2700 seats; members elected indirectly through a hierarchy of peoples committees)
factbook:lifeexpectancyatbirth_female 79 (xsd:long)
factbook:lifeexpectancyatbirth_male 74.64E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:lifeexpectancyatbirth_totalpopulation 76.88E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:literacy_definition age 15 and over can read and write
factbook:literacy_female 72 (xsd:long)
factbook:literacy_male 92 (xsd:long)
factbook:literacy_totalpopulation 83 (xsd:long)
factbook:location Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia
foaf:logo <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/flags/ly-flag.gif>
factbook:manpoweravailableformilitaryservice_femalesage18_49 1429152 (xsd:long)
factbook:manpoweravailableformilitaryservice_malesage18_49 1505675 (xsd:long)
factbook:manpowerfitformilitaryservice_femalesage18_49 1230824 (xsd:long)
factbook:manpowerfitformilitaryservice_malesage18_49 1291624 (xsd:long)
factbook:manpowerreachingmilitaryserviceageannually_femalesage18_49 59533 (xsd:long)
factbook:manpowerreachingmilitaryserviceageannually_malesage18_49 62034 (xsd:long)
factbook:map <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/maps/ly-map.gif>
factbook:maritimeclaims_territorialsea 12 (xsd:long)
factbook:medianage_female 23.2E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:medianage_male 23.4E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:medianage_total 23 (xsd:long)
factbook:merchantmarine_foreign_owned 4 (Kuwait 1, Norway 1, Turkey 2)
factbook:merchantmarine_total 18 (xsd:long)
factbook:merchantmarine_total_dwt 89820 (xsd:long)
factbook:merchantmarine_total_grt 86034 (xsd:long)
factbook:militaryexpenditures_dollarfigure $1300000000 (FY99)
factbook:militaryexpenditures_percentofGDP 3.9E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:militaryserviceageandobligation 17 years of age
factbook:name Libya
factbook:nationalholiday Revolution Day, 1 September
factbook:nationality_adjective Libyan
factbook:nationality_noun Libyan(s)
factbook:naturalgas_consumption 5930000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:naturalgas_exports 2130000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:naturalgas_imports 0 (xsd:long)
factbook:naturalgas_production 8060000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:naturalgas_provedreserves 1472000000000 cu m (1 January 2005 est.)
factbook:netmigrationrate 0.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:oil_consumption 237000 (xsd:long)
factbook:oil_exports 1340000 (xsd:long)
factbook:oil_imports 0 (xsd:long)
factbook:oil_production 1720000 (xsd:long)
factbook:oil_provedreserves 42000000000
factbook:population_note includes 166510 non-nationals
factbook:population_total 6036914 (xsd:long)
factbook:populationbelowpovertyline 7.4E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:populationgrowthrate 2.262E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:portsandterminals As Sidrah, Az Zuwaytinah, Marsa al Burayqah, Ras Lanuf, Tripoli, Zawiyah
factbook:publicdebt 5.6% of GDP
factbook:radiobroadcaststations AM 16, FM 3, shortwave 3
factbook:reservesofforeignexchangeandgold 57480000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:roadways_paved 47590
factbook:roadways_total 83200
factbook:sexratio_15_64years 1.062E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:sexratio_65yearsandover 0.964E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:sexratio_atbirth 1.05E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:sexratio_totalpopulation 1.052E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:sexratio_under15years 1.044E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:suffrage 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
factbook:telephones_mainlinesinuse 750000
factbook:telephones_mobilecellular 234800
factbook:telephonesystem_domestic microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, cellular, tropospheric scatter, and a domestic satellite system with 14 earth stations
factbook:telephonesystem_generalassessment telecommunications system is being modernized; mobile cellular telephone system became operational in 1996
factbook:telephonesystem_international country code - 218; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat, NA Arabsat, and NA Intersputnik; submarine cables to France and Italy; microwave radio relay to Tunisia and Egypt; tropospheric scatter to Greece; participant in Medarabtel
factbook:televisionbroadcaststations 12 (plus 1 repeater)
factbook:televisions 730000 (xsd:long)
factbook:terrain mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions
factbook:totalfertilityrate 3.21 children born/woman
rdf:type factbook:Country
factbook:unemploymentrate 30.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:url <https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ly.html>

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