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factbook:GDP_compositionbysector_agriculture 2.4E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:GDP_compositionbysector_industry 46.9E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:GDP_compositionbysector_services 50.7E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:GDP_officialexchangerate 9697000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:GDP_percapita_PPP 11400 (xsd:long)
factbook:GDP_purchasingpowerparity 18720000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:GDP_realgrowthrate 4.7E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:HIVorAIDS_adultprevalencerate 37.3E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:HIVorAIDS_deaths 33000
factbook:HIVorAIDS_peoplelivingwithHIVorAIDS 350000 (xsd:long)
factbook:administrativedivisions 9 districts and 5 town councils*; Central, Francistown*, Gaborone*, Ghanzi, Jwaneng*, Kgalagadi, Kgatleng, Kweneng, Lobatse*, Northeast, Northwest, Selebi-Pikwe*, Southeast, Southern
factbook:agestructure_0_14years_female 319376 (xsd:long)
factbook:agestructure_0_14years_male 330377 (xsd:long)
factbook:agestructure_0_14years_percentage 35.8E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:agestructure_15_64years_female 545148 (xsd:long)
factbook:agestructure_15_64years_male 549879 (xsd:long)
factbook:agestructure_15_64years_percentage 60.3E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:agestructure_65yearsandover_female 42003 (xsd:long)
factbook:agestructure_65yearsandover_male 28725 (xsd:long)
factbook:agestructure_65yearsandover_percentage 3.9E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:airports_total 85 (xsd:long)
factbook:airports_withpavedrunways_total 10
factbook:airports_withunpavedrunways_total 75
factbook:area_comparative slightly smaller than Texas
factbook:area_land 585370
factbook:area_total 600370
factbook:area_water 15000
factbook:background Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most dynamic economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the countrys conservation practices and extensive nature preserves. Botswana has one of the worlds highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africas most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease.
factbook:birthrate 23.17E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:budget_expenditures $3968000000; including capital expenditures of $NA
factbook:budget_revenues 4256000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:capital_geographiccoordinates 24 45 S, 25 55 E
factbook:capital_name Gaborone
factbook:capital_timedifference UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
factbook:climate semiarid; warm winters and hot summers
factbook:coastline_total 0 (xsd:long)
factbook:constitution March 1965, effective 30 September 1966
factbook:countryname_conventionallongform Republic of Botswana
factbook:countryname_conventionalshortform Botswana
factbook:countryname_locallongform Republic of Botswana
factbook:countryname_localshortform Botswana
factbook:currency_code pula (BWP)
factbook:currencycode BWP
factbook:currentaccountbalance 1698000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:deathrate 13.63E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:debt_external 520000000
factbook:disputes_international the alignment of the boundary with Namibia in the Kwando/Linyanti/Chobe River, including the Situngu marshlands, was resolved amicably in 2003; concerns from international experts and local populations over the ecology of the Okavango Delta in Botswana and human displacement scuttled Namibian plans to construct a hydroelectric dam at Popavalle (Popa Falls) along the Angola-Namibia border; Botswana has built electric fences to stem the thousands of Zimbabweans who flee to find work and escape political persecution; Namibia has long supported, and in 2004 Zimbabwe dropped objections to, plans between Botswana and Zambia to build a bridge over the Zambezi River, thereby de facto recognizing the short, but not clearly delimited, Botswana-Zambia boundary
factbook:distributionoffamilyincome_Giniindex 63.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:economicaid_recipient 73000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:economy_overview Botswana has maintained one of the worlds highest economic growth rates since independence in 1966, though growth slowed to 4.7% in 2006. Through fiscal discipline and sound management, Botswana has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries in the world to a middle-income country with a per capita GDP of more than $11000 in 2006. Two major investment services rank Botswana as the best credit risk in Africa. Diamond mining has fueled much of the expansion and currently accounts for more than one-third of GDP and for 70-80% of export earnings. Tourism, financial services, subsistence farming, and cattle raising are other key sectors. On the downside, the government must deal with high rates of unemployment and poverty. Unemployment officially was 23.8% in 2004, but unofficial estimates place it closer to 40%. HIV/AIDS infection rates are the second highest in the world and threaten Botswanas impressive economic gains. An expected leveling off in diamond mining production overshadows long-term prospects.
factbook:electricity_consumption 2464000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:electricity_exports 0 (xsd:long)
factbook:electricity_imports 1699000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:electricity_production 823000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:electricity_productionbysource_fossilfuel 100.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:electricity_productionbysource_hydro 0 (xsd:long)
factbook:electricity_productionbysource_nuclear 0.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:electricity_productionbysource_other 0.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:elevationextremes_highestpoint 1489 (xsd:long)
factbook:elevationextremes_highestpoint_place Tsodilo Hills
factbook:elevationextremes_lowestpoint 513 (xsd:long)
factbook:elevationextremes_lowestpoint_place junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers
factbook:environment_currentissues overgrazing; desertification; limited fresh water resources
factbook:executivebranch_cabinet Cabinet appointed by the president
factbook:executivebranch_chiefofstate President Festus G. MOGAE (since 1 April 1998); Vice President Seretse Ian KHAMA (since 13 July 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
factbook:executivebranch_electionresults Festus G. MOGAE elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - 52%
factbook:executivebranch_elections president indirectly elected for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 20 October 2004 (next to be held in 2009); vice president appointed by the president
factbook:executivebranch_headofgovernment President Festus G. MOGAE (since 1 April 1998); Vice President Seretse Ian KHAMA (since 13 July 1998)
factbook:exports 4836000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:factbookcode bc
factbook:fiscalyear 1 April - 31 March
factbook:flag <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/flags/bc-flag.gif>
factbook:flagdescription light blue with a horizontal white-edged black stripe in the center
factbook:geographiccoordinates_latitude -22.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:geographiccoordinates_longitude 24.0E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:governmenttype parliamentary republic
factbook:imports 3034000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:independence 30 September 1966 (from UK)
factbook:industrialproductiongrowthrate 6.3E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:infantmortalityrate_female 42.9E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:infantmortalityrate_male 45.02E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:infantmortalityrate_total 43.97E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:inflationrate_consumerprices 11.4E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:internetServiceProviders_ISPs 11 (xsd:long)
factbook:internetcountrycode .bw
factbook:internethosts 5499
factbook:internetusers 60000
factbook:investment_grossfixed 21.8% of GDP
factbook:irrigatedland_total 10
factbook:judicialbranch High Court; Court of Appeal; Magistrates Courts (one in each district)
rdfs:label Botswana
factbook:laborforce 288400 (xsd:long)
is factbook:landboundary of db:Namibia
is factbook:landboundary of db:South_Africa
is factbook:landboundary of db:Zimbabwe
factbook:landboundary db:Namibia
factbook:landboundary db:South_Africa
factbook:landboundary db:Zimbabwe
factbook:landuse_arableland 0.65E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:landuse_other 99.34E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:landuse_permanentcrops 0.01E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:large_flag <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/flags/bc-lgflag.gif>
factbook:legalsystem based on Roman-Dutch law and local customary law; judicial review limited to matters of interpretation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
factbook:legislativebranch bicameral Parliament consists of the House of Chiefs (a largely advisory 15-member body with 8 permanent members consisting of the chiefs of the principal tribes, and 7 non-permanent members serving 5-year terms, consisting of 4 elected subchiefs and 3 members selected by the other 12 members) and the National Assembly (63 seats, 57 members are directly elected by popular vote, 4 are appointed by the majority party, and 2, the President and Attorney-General, serve as ex-officio members; members serve five-year terms)
factbook:legislativebranch_electionresults percent of vote by party - BDP 51.7%, BNF 26.1%, BCP 16.6%, other 5%; seats by party - BDP 44, BNF 12, BCP 1
factbook:legislativebranch_elections National Assembly elections last held 30 October 2004 (next to be held in October 2009)
factbook:lifeexpectancyatbirth_female 50 (xsd:long)
factbook:lifeexpectancyatbirth_male 51.55E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:lifeexpectancyatbirth_totalpopulation 50.58E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:literacy_definition age 15 and over can read and write
factbook:literacy_female 82 (xsd:long)
factbook:literacy_male 77 (xsd:long)
factbook:literacy_totalpopulation 80 (xsd:long)
factbook:location Southern Africa, north of South Africa
foaf:logo <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/flags/bc-flag.gif>
factbook:manpoweravailableformilitaryservice_femalesage18_49 361642 (xsd:long)
factbook:manpoweravailableformilitaryservice_malesage18_49 350649 (xsd:long)
factbook:manpowerfitformilitaryservice_femalesage18_49 136315 (xsd:long)
factbook:manpowerfitformilitaryservice_malesage18_49 136322 (xsd:long)
factbook:manpowerreachingmilitaryserviceageannually_femalesage18_49 21379 (xsd:long)
factbook:manpowerreachingmilitaryserviceageannually_malesage18_49 21103 (xsd:long)
factbook:map <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/maps/bc-map.gif>
factbook:medianage_female 21.1E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:medianage_male 20.7E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:medianage_total 21 (xsd:long)
factbook:militaryexpenditures_dollarfigure 325500000
factbook:militaryexpenditures_percentofGDP 3.5E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:militaryserviceageandobligation 18 is the apparent age of voluntary military service; the official qualifications for determining minimum age are unknown
factbook:name Botswana
factbook:nationalholiday Independence Day (Botswana Day), 30 September
factbook:nationality_adjective Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
factbook:nationality_noun Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
factbook:naturalgas_consumption 0 (xsd:long)
factbook:naturalgas_production 0 (xsd:long)
factbook:netmigrationrate 5.49E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:oil_consumption 11500 (xsd:long)
factbook:oil_exports 0 (xsd:long)
factbook:oil_imports 16000 (xsd:long)
factbook:oil_production 0 (xsd:long)
factbook:population_note estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
factbook:population_total 1815508 (xsd:long)
factbook:populationbelowpovertyline 30.3E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:populationgrowthrate 1.503E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:publicdebt 7.1% of GDP
factbook:radiobroadcaststations AM 8, FM 13, shortwave 4
factbook:railways_total 888 (xsd:long)
factbook:reservesofforeignexchangeandgold 7445000000 (xsd:long)
factbook:roadways_paved 8914
factbook:roadways_total 24355
factbook:sexratio_15_64years 1.009E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:sexratio_65yearsandover 0.684E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:sexratio_atbirth 1.03E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:sexratio_totalpopulation 1.003E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:sexratio_under15years 1.034E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:suffrage 18 years of age; universal
factbook:telephones_mainlinesinuse 132000
factbook:telephones_mobilecellular 823100
factbook:telephonesystem_domestic small system of open-wire lines, microwave radio relay links, and a few radiotelephone communication stations; mobile cellular service is growing fast
factbook:telephonesystem_generalassessment the system is expanding with the growth of mobile cellular service and participation in regional development
factbook:telephonesystem_international country code - 267; 2 international exchanges; digital microwave radio relay links to Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)
factbook:televisionbroadcaststations 1
factbook:televisions 31000 (xsd:long)
factbook:terrain predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest
factbook:totalfertilityrate 2.73 children born/woman
rdf:type factbook:Country
factbook:unemploymentrate 23.8E0 (xsd:double)
factbook:url <https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/bc.html>

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